Background and Context

Although it has been four decades since the first ever case of Ebola virus in humans was diagnosed, there is no licensed specific treatment for the disease, which has a case-fatality rate of approximately 50- 70%. Since the onset of this current Ebola outbreak in West Africa in December 2013, the who has recorded 24,907 EVD cases and cumulative deaths 10,326 deaths by early March, 2015.

Historical review showed a failure to recognize the outbreaks for at least 4 months prior to the arrival of a plethora of poorly coordinated international aid organizations. This led to massive suffering and loss of human life with heavy criticism from leading global voices.

It became apparent that a unified, indigenous voice or coalition of African experts to assist with early detection, defining and coordinating the logistics of response on the ground was lacking.

The contention and indeed the policy and practice evidence is that socio-economic challenges that confront communities in any part of the world are becoming soluble only within an interconnected labyrinth of global supplies of different components of technological solutions. This is especially so in Africa where limited capacity to harness and deploy technologies in key areas such as health, agriculture, industrial development, and a number of other factors act to exacerbate the socio-economic challenges.

Organizations and national governments generally face numerous problems that they cannot solve unilaterally, for reasons that include globalization and rapidly advancing technological frontiers.